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101: Affirmative Action
... forces. The use of affirmative action was never limited to federal contractors. The legislative history of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 reveals that during the 1960’s, American blacks and other minorities were denied employment opportunities because of their race, color, sex, religion, and national origin. As a result, minorities and women received lower wages and their rate of unemployment was higher than the country’s overall rate of unemployment. In an effort to put an end to employment discrimination, Congress enacted Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Equal Employment Commission, established by the Act, is charged with enforcing the anti-discrimination laws through prevention of employment discrimination and resolution of complaints. The Act is designed to make employers responsible for illegal discrimination and ...
102: Disability in The Workplace
... in American History. The preamble to the law states that it covers 43,000,000 Americans."(Frierson, p.3) Before the Americans With Disabilities Act(A.D.A.) was passed, employers were able to deny employment to a disabled worker, simply because he or she was disabled. With no other reason other than the persons physical disability were they turned away or released from a job. The Americans With Disabilities Act ... mental impairments. "Title I of the Americans With Disabilities Act prohibits employers from discriminating against qualified individuals with disabilities in job application procedures, hiring, firing, advancement, compensation, job training and other terms and conditions of employment"(The Americans With Disabilities Act). According to the Americans With Disabilities Act, the only way an employer can refuse to hire an employee based upon a disability is if that persons disability imposes an undue ... he or she is applying for. There is a standard definition of what defines a qualified person, "...an individual with a disability who, with or without reasonable accommodations, can perform the essential function of the employment position that such individual holds or desires"(Frierson, p. 106). This means that a worker is qualified to hold any job that he or she can perform without an excess of changes to the ...
103: Business And Society
... workplace has crystallized a number of concerns for both employers and employees. However, Title I of the American with Disabilities Act covers those infected. The Act prohibits discriminating against individual with AIDS. States have different employment laws that apply to those infected. An employer can terminate someone from a job only if they cannot perform the essential tasks required for with that job. The employer is required to make a reasonable ... increasing the recruitment of minorities and ensuring equal opportunity. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the most comprehensive statute on civil rights ever enacted in the United States, banning discrimination in employment, voting, public accommodation, public education and all federal assisted programs. Executive Order 11246 requires that employers with federal contracts worth more than $50,000 and 50 or more employees have written affirmative action plans. Affirmative ... great, but the premises that underlie it have changed and may require revising. The focus on affirmative action may provide with an opportunity to shift to affirming diversity. AGE DISCRIMINATION Under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) a victim of age discrimination in entitled to be “ made whole”, being placed in the position that he or she would have been in but for the discrimination. The act protects workers ...
104: The Need For Extreme Criminal Justice Reform in California
... also be modified to exclude incarceration for non-violent crimes with an emphasis on victim restitution and community service. The court would maybe rely on probation reports to provide the necessary offender personal history including employment, job skills (or lack of), and personal resources, e.g. bank accounts, property ownership, etc. Based on this information, the court would apply the appropriate sentence of victim restitution and community service with close monitoring ... to the remaining employees of the California Department of Corrections by allowing for the closure of outdated and unsafe facilities. In addition, unemployment could be kept to a minimum by offering qualified state correctional officers employment with local law enforcement agencies. It is time now to look beyond revenge and the emotionalism associated with current justice system practices. "There is only one practical method of reducing crime and the subsequent public ... also be modified to exclude incarceration for non-violent crimes with an emphasis on victim restitution and community service. The court would maybe rely on probation reports to provide the necessary offender personal history including employment, job skills (or lack of), and personal resources, e.g. bank accounts, property ownership, etc. Based on this information, the court would apply the appropriate sentence of victim restitution and community service with close ...
105: Sesxism
... for Congress to pass a law." Extremism on the right was no vice, moderation no virtue. Or, as Hitler explained in Mein Kamph, "The very first essential for success is a perpetually constant and regular employment of violence." (See Endnote #4) This mentality continued on through 1989 during the Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (109 S. Ct. 3040 (1989)) case. "The Reagan Administration had urged the Supreme Court to use this ... at the Santa Clara County Transportation Agency. These numbers are not uncommon and are found throughout business. It is interesting to note the current popular perception is that affirmative action precludes white males from finding employment with companies that implement these plans. The truth is in the numbers, however. The fact that Mr. Johnson felt he was denied his civil rights because an equally qualified woman was given a promotion, instead ... stating, "the worse pain came from those little things people said or did to me." As these "little things" accumulate in the experience of a young woman, she increasingly finds herself powerless in her relationships, employment, economics, and society in general. The female child has as many goals as the male child, but statistically she is unable to realize these goals because of the obstacles that society sets in front ...
106: Firefighting
... going into fire fighting they should find out all they can about it. They would need to find out especially about the nature of the work, training requirements, the salaries and benefits,and the overall employment outlook. A career in fire fighting could be dangerous and exciting as well as rewarding; fire fighters are needed to save lives and property. In fire fighting the nature of work varies depending on the ... fighters get half pay for retirement. If a fire fighter is disabled in the line of duty they also get retirement pay. (careers 298) These are some of the benefits fire fighter get. The overall employment out look looks good. Every year there are thousands of job opportunities available. These jobs are available from other fire fighters who retire, die or go to a different job. A lot of new jobs ... cut expenses by postponing equipment purchases or not hiring new fire fighters, rather than by laying off staff" (Jist 279) The competition for these jobs is tough because so many apply, but even so the employment is good. The working conditions for fire fighting are different than most jobs. Working as a fire fighter could be dangerous. This is because some of the work can involve risking one's life. ...
107: Pursuing a Career in Psychiatry
... job leads in professional journals and magazines. Membership in the American Medical Association and the American Psychiatric Association can be helpful. Networking with these groups may lead to contacts with employers. Residents may find permanent employment in the hospitals or agencies where they complete their training. They may also arrange to work with a psychiatrist in a private practice (“Psychiatrists,” 1993 2). The entry methods for psychiatrists are almost endless. Along with that, the employment outlook and advancement possibilities for psychiatrists are excellent. Psychiatrists are in short supply and their employment opportunities should be excellent for many years. Most psychiatrists, especially those in private practice, find advancement in the form of increased earnings (“Psychiatrists,” 1993 3). Earnings of a psychiatrist depend on the size of ...
108: Economic Recovery During The 1
... borrow cheaply. As a result this led to slum clearance, an increase in lower rent council housing . A housing boom also occurred as prices of houses fell. This change resulted in money coming in and employment rising due to the demand for houses. Industries and Agriculture were given subsidies. In Agriculture the government introduced a Wheat Act which guaranteed the price of the home product. Other acts involved Agriculture Marketing Act ... were take over by the government and had money injected into them. Industries affected by this were the new aircraft industry, some aspects of coal and transport in London. By injecting money into these industries employment was produced and worthwhile industries were saved. In 1934 an unemployment act was introduced. This act restored the cuts of 1931 and replaced the local bodies for dealing with unemployment with Central Government Unemployment Assistance ... 1935 a Depressed Areas Act was introduced. This involved the Government providing money and incentives to attract businesses to those areas which had relied on traditional industries and needed special help. This would result in employment rising and would be good for areas which were badly hit by depression. Other reasons for economic recovery involved the re-armandent program. This programme created work in the areas which were linked to ...
109: The Search for a Better Tax System
... enterprise, hard work, and investment (Adams117). In Smith’s words "a tax that may obstruct the industry of the people, and discourage them from applying to certain branches of business which might give maintenance and employment to great multitudes" (Adams 117). In other words, It costs jobs by taxing too much. "You take away funds needed to create new business and employment" said Smith (Adams 117). Third, a tax is bad that encourages evasion (Adams 118) As taxes rise so does the temptation for evasion and avoidance. We usually think of tax evaders as criminals. However, early ... direct income tax. Tens of thousands of IRS agents would be let go. I doubt many tears would be shed for ridding society of these sharks. As for the multitudes of tax professionals seeking other employment, I think this would be more beneficial to society any way. Charles Adams discusses the tax history of civilizations in his book. "Looking back in history, whenever the power to tax and the power ...
110: Affirmative Action in Seattle
... utilized for job classifications where women, people of color, and persons with disabilities are underrepresented within the work force. This overall approach has served Seattle well. It has provided a systematic framework that has opened employment opportunities to qualified individuals who happen to be members of groups that have experienced long- standing and persistent discrimination. A review of the City's work force profiles since the Civil Rights Act of 1964 ... 5.58 percent for MBE contracts, well above the 5 percent target. As a result of these accomplishments, the City of Seattle has been recognized as a national leader and model in affirmative action, Equal Employment Opportunity, and diversity. Most recently, in March, 1995, the City's Cultural Diversity Program received the City Cultural Diversity Award from the National Black Caucus of Local Elected Officials. Despite these very positive accomplishments, there is still much to be done. In certain job classifications, and for certain demographic groups, City employment does not yet fully represent the diversity of the community and the local labor pool. Indeed, women, people of color, and persons with disabilities continue to be underrepresented within the City work force, and ...

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