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Search results 91 - 100 of 1316 matching essays
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91: Prostitution
... as a whole. Without the 20th century western laws, which force prostitution underground, the profession of prostitution could become a clean and safe occupation. Prostitution laws are unconstitutional and deny the prostitutes what the American constitution allows them. Prostitution is an illegal act in Canada and large portions of the United States which, if legalized, would protect and benefit 20th century western society. If sanctioned, prostitution will become economically lucrative for ... are the pimps, who are often involved in other illegal affairs illuminated, but the prostitute and the community are protected. Anti-prostitution laws are unconstitutional in their nature and deny the prostitutes what the American constitution would allow them. In 1973 the case of Roe v. Wade established certain legal precedents concerning a woman's body, the court found that: "a woman has a right of personal privacy, or a guarantee of certain areas or zones of privacy, does exist in the Constitution and that it is founded in the Fourteenth Amendment's concept of personal liberty and restrictions upon state action. This right of privacy is broad enough to encompass a woman's body and her ...
92: Colombia
... been very unstable, going through many rulers and constitutions. On August 7, 1819 Angostura broke away from Spain and created a country known as Colombia. On August 30, 1821 the Congress of Cucuta adopted a constitution which was supposed to be a republican form of government. This constitution was short lived. In 1853 another constitution was developed and again was abandoned after civil war broke out, which led to a new constitution in 1863. After a revolt of several liberal elements in 1885, again a new constitution was created. ...
93: Human Rights In Kuwait
... middle eastern nation of Kuwait, human rights have come a long way towards achieving a formidable status for the 38 years old nation has taken measures that surpass those taken by older nations. Kuwait’s constitution that dates back to the year 1962 ensured human rights in many of its articles. Kuwaiti Parliament member AbdulMohsen Jamal said that the constitution is a, " great achievement that has gained Kuwait the respect of the international community." The constitution took a humanitarian capitalistic approach towards dealing with citizens and society. It based national economy on social justice and equal cooperation between public and private sectors aiming to achieve economic development and a better ...
94: American Self Perception vs. The Truth
... from other countries. The foundation of American self-perception is freedom. Freedom of speech and movement are virtual institutions in the United States. Such freedoms of speech and movement are outlined in the United States Constitution. Americans believe the constitution sketches the "American Dream" which is having a family, money, and the freedom to pursue happiness. Every American will stand by the line derived from the Constitution, "All men are created equal." In actuality, the constitution outlined the freedom for rich white landowners to achieve unchecked power and wealth. At the time of the framing of the constitution, blacks were slaves ...
95: The First Amendment
... case where a Gloucester County school district censored reviews of two R-rated movies from a school newspaper. Superior Court Judge, Robert E. Francis ruled that the student's rights were violated under the state Constitution. I feel this is a major break through for students' rights because it limits editorial control of school newspapers by educators and allows students to print what they feel is important. A newly proposed bill ... significantly important. Even in the early stages of American history there was an urge to put legally protected freedoms into written government documents. The result was the drafting of the first ten amendments to the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, by James Madison. The applications of the personal freedoms described in the Bill of Rights, particularly the freedom of speech, have been challenged repeatedly in American courts of law and elsewhere ... speech. He founded the American Philosophical Society and masterminded the Zenger defense. Alexander's chief conviction was "Freedom of speech is a principal pillar in a free government: when this support is taken away, the constitution is dissolved and tyranny is erected on its ruins." The original Constitution did not contain a bill of rights because the convention delegates felt that individual rights were in no danger and would be ...
96: Kent State Massacre
... stifling the power of the Jeffersonians. Through the Alien and Sedition Acts, those in support of a stronger federal government achieved a major victory. The Acts gave new powers which were not dictated in the Constitution to both the executive and legislative branches. The Federalists were able to pass these acts with their logic based upon loose translations of the Constitution, especially the “elastic clause.” In peacetime, these Acts would not have had a chance in being passed, but the undeclared war with France had riled up Congress enough to accept these loose translations. The opponents of the Alien and Sedition Acts were led by Jefferson and Madison; in response to the Acts the Republicans launched an attack on what they believed were breaches of the Constitution. The attack on the Alien and Sedition Acts was based upon the “strict construction theory” of the Republicans. To them, the government could not be given powers by implication; the jurisdiction of the federal ...
97: The Alien And Sedition Acts
The debate over the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 revealed bitter controversies on a number of issues that had been developing since the penning of the Constitution. The writers of the document knew that over time the needs of the nation and its people would change, and therefore provided for its amendment. But by not expressly delegating powers to specific organizations, whether the federal government, state governments, or the people themselves, they inadvertently created a major problem in the years to follow: Constitutional interpretation. Shortly after the Constitution's ratification, two distinct camps formed, each believing in opposite manners of interpretation. One group, the Federalists, led by the newly appointed Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, thought that the Constitution should be interpreted very loosely. He claimed that the Constitution contained powers other than those delegated or enumerated. These unspecified powers were implied powers. To explain these powers, Hamilton said it would be natural - ...
98: Argentina
... railroad tunnel through the Andes has provided facilities for motor vehicles since it was built in 1940. In 1996 there were 127 cars for every 1,000 people in Argentina. (Encarta Online) According to the constitution of 1853, Argentina is a federal republic with a president, who is helped by a council of ministers. Legislative powers are vested in a national congress consisting of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies. "A new constitution was passed in 1949, only to be rescinded in 1956. All constitutional provisions were suspended in 1966 following a military takeover. After another military coup in 1976, the constitution of 1853 was again suspended, but it was reinstated when Argentina returned to civilian rule in 1983. The constitution of 1853, in the preamble and in much of the text, reflects the ideas and ...
99: Slavery: A Justified Institution
... They also examined the idea of popular sovereignty and the expansion of slavery in territorial plans like the Kansas-Nebraska scheme to support their arguments. The proslavery advocates even went far enough to include the Constitution as a fair legal justification for their practices. Clear-cut attempts to bend the rules on the legality of slavery in documents like the Lecompton Constitution made some rationalizations look weak and rash in concept. With the South's slavery dependent and fragile economy, Southerners were ready to fight for their survival with whatever means were necessary. Proslavery whites launched a ... sovereignty. The Supreme Court decreed that because a slave was private property, he or she could be taken into any territory and legally held there in slavery. The court's reasoning lied in our own Constitution. The Fifth Amendment clearly forbade Congress to deprive people of their property without due process of law. Moreover, proslavery Southerners used legal arguments rooted in the Constitution to defend their position on slavery by ...
100: Comparison of The American Revolution and the French Revolution
... convened at Versailles. By June 17, the Third Estate had proclaimed itself the National Assembly. Three days later, the delegates took the famous Tennis Court Oath, vowing not to disband until France had a new constitution. But the real French Revolution began not at Versailles but on the streets of Paris. On July 14, a Parisian mob attacked the old fortress known as the Bastille, liberating, as one pundit put it ... could be placed on New Jersey cider, produced across the river, as easily as on West Indian rum. The war had been won, but daily battles in the marketplace were being lost. The U.S. Constitution changed all that by forbidding states to levy tariffs against one another. The Constitution also sought to protect property rights, including rights to ideas (patents and copyrights) and beliefs (the First Amendment). For Madison, this was indeed the sole purpose of civil government. In 1792 he wrote: "Government ...

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