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81: Philosophy - Plato
... was believed to be descended from the early kings of Athens died, and his mother, Perictione married Pyrilampes. As a young man Plato was always interested in political leadership and eventually became a disciple of Socrates. He followed his philosophy and his dialectical style, which is believed to be the search for truth through questions, answers, and additional questions. After witnessing the death of Socrates at the hands of the Athenian democracy in 399 B.C., Plato left Athens and continued to travel to Italy, Sicily, and Egypt. (Internet) In 387 B.C. Plato founded the Academy in Athens otherwise ... s dialogues with the exception of the Republic and it is with good reason. It's literary merit is outstanding with philosophical and psychological sources (Allen) ANAYA--2 THE EARLY DIALOGUES In the early dialogues Socrates always played the leading roll. In all of them, Plato was trying to keep the spirit of Socrates alive. There are also early dialogues that portray Socrates in whimsical moods but always with a ...
82: Aristotle
... person or a country to true happiness. Aristotle's virtues parallel the thinking of other classical Greeks. One of the obvious reasons for this is that the teacher-student bond tied many philosophers. The great Socrates taught Plato, and of course Plato was Aristotle's teacher. Although, the influence of the teacher is very strong, the students also have showed that they can think independently and their works have a distinctly different taste to them. Plato said the just person is wise, temperate and courageous and the just state is ruled by wisdom. Plato's just state-displayed courage over force and temperance over intemperance. Socrates, another of the famous classical Greeks, died for his views of wisdom and justice. Socrates used logic to tell himself and his colleagues that he must die for the sake of avoiding hypocrisy. Socrates' whole life he preached that the state's laws must be held supreme for justice ...
83: To Tell or to Lie
... speech, it is a form of twisting the truth, elaborating on the truth, in other words lying. If you ask students today, they will tell you that people cannot "do right" all the time. Although, Socrates says "…truth can never be refuted." (Socrates, p.60 sec.473), which means that when only truth is spoken, no one will be able to win you over or prove you wrong. Therefore, according to Socrates, training on how to distinguish truth from falsehood would not protect you from rhetoric such as that offered by Gorgias. Even though this is an important point, in modern society survival is based on ...
84: Symposium: Eros and the Philosopher
Symposium: Eros and the Philosopher (1) Explain how the true lover, according to the teachings of Diotima as recalled by Socrates in his Symposium speech, is like the philosopher in Socratic ignorance, as this notion is explained in the Apology. In your own words, explicate the "in-between" character of both Eros and the Philosopher, touching on the following related issues: the origin of Eros, Eros as a messenger, Eros as both having and not having, and Socrates' "small wisdom" or "human wisdom". What is the significance–both for the dialogue as a whole and for the way we think about human beings–defining Eros this way. What are the implications, in your opinion, of the fact that the philosopher is in-between complete wisdom and sheer ignorance. In Plato's Symposium, Diotima tells what the true lover is. She goes into great detail explaining to Socrates that the true lover is not someone that everyone can become easily. A lover has to be nurtured from the beginning and must go through certain steps in order to become a true lover. ...
85: "The Republic" by Plato
... of the eyes of the society and two being the unjust man invisible unable to get caught. Glaucon say this proves that people are just only because they find it necessary. Adeimantus another philosopher and Socrates elder brother brought up the fact that we should take a look at the kinds of things people actually say when they get praised justice and condemn injustice. Adeimantus explains by saying that fathers tell ... arguing that the unjust man lives a better life because he has the power and the wealth to boss the just man around and bribe the gods so he does not get punished by them. Socrates goes on saying that the life and surroundings are what makes up a just person. A just person should be educated and trained of what is right and wrong. The quality of the justice is ... coming out of the society because all he is taught is to be unjust. I agree that a just man must be educated and trained to tell what is right and wrong. I disagree with Socrates point that a just man is solely educated by the society around him. I believe that a just man is not educated solely by the society but rather educated by his parents and family ...
86: The Trojan War
... and ceremonies. Greeks flocked to oracles to consult priests and priestesses to answer questions and fore-tell the future. Greek men enjoyed drinking, talking, and dancing at parties. They also like sports and religious festivals Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are the most important Greek philosophers. Socrates taught by carefully questioning his listeners to expose the weaknesses of their ideas and arguments. Plato explored such subjects as beauty, justice, and good government. Aristotle summed up the achievements of Greek philosophy and science ... many topics remained unquestioned for more than 100 years Most Ancient Greeks were suspicious of philosophers and their theories. They continued to believe in superstitions and in myths. In 399 BC, an Athens jury sentenced Socrates to death for showing disrespect to the gods. Greek architects, sculptors, and painters made great contributions to the arts. They were trying to create ideal beauty based on equal proportions. Greek sculptors portrayed figures ...
87: Oedipus 2
... Rex - Bliss in Ignorance Oedipus Rex - Bliss in Ignorance One of the most memorable and meaningful Socratic quotes applies well when in context of Sophocles' Theban Trilogy. "The unexamined life is not worth living," proclaims Socrates. He could have meant many things by this statement, and in relation to the play, the meaning is found to be even more complex. Indeed, the situation of Oedipus, king of Thebes, the truth of ... on under King Laius. In fact, everyone would have been better off in the long run if Oedipus had not ventured out beyond the walls of Corinth. So is it worth living an examined life? Socrates had made this statement long after the creation of the Theban Trilogy. In the context of his own time, this was meant to imply that life must be examined and reflected upon, known and discovered ... dark, unknown as to what fate lied beyond every turn and irony of living. Oedipus, up to the point in which he heard the comment in the tavern in Corinth, lived an unexamined life. To Socrates, he was an unfulfilled man, one who deserved to know more, one who not complete. However, in a much less metaphysical sense, Oedipus' life was complete, in that he had all that he needed, ...
88: Democracy -- Good Or Bad
... The media is trying to force this equality issue to make people feel as if it is their duty to avenge this death to preserve freedom for African-Americans. This spurns to the execution of Socrates for promoting different ideas and change. It is apparent today that Socrates had good ideas. Knowing what we do today we would not have executed Socrates. Now society looks upon change as sacred. Whenever it is possible that someone may be going against the change, people get scared. They do not want any possibility of oppressing change like the Greeks ...
89: The Republic
... or different virtues. Moral virtue belongs to all of them; but the temperance of a man and of a woman, or the courage and justice of a man and of a woman, are not, as Socrates maintained, the same; the courage of a man is shown in commanding, of a woman in obeying. And this holds of all other virtues, as will be more clearly seen if we look at them ... have something in common or they would not be a state or community. But should a well ordered state have all things, as far as may be, in common, or some only and not others? Socrates proceeds, 'that the greater the unity of the state the better.' Is it not obvious that a state may at length attain such a degree of unity as to be no longer a state? Since ... destruction of the state. All through out the next chapter Aristotle goes on to say that the fact 'of all men saying "mine" and "not mine" at the same instant of time,' which, according to Socrates is the sign of perfect unity in a state, is impossible. The fact that each man will call the same person his own son and the same person his wife would make everyone each ...
90: Spoken Words Versus Written Words
Spoken Words Versus Written Words Socrates believes that the spoken words can be brought forth with great knowledge from the credibility of the speaker. The speaker would be able to dictate using his genuine knowledge to pass on his own beliefs. Socrates thinks that speaking is a more noble than writing because, the speaker can defend his own words. As for written words, they can only read by the reader and if the reader were to question the words, the written language can only say “the same thing, over, and over forever”. The written words cannot defend it self as well as if it were to be spoken. Therefore led Socrates to his conclusions that speaking is a more noble activity than writing. Speaking gives the listener a sense of trust. The speaker knows which audience to speak to and not to speak to. The ...

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