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71: The Constitution in the 1850's: Unity or Discord
... May 30, 1854, the U.S. Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act. This act established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. This act repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820-21 and reopened the controversy over slavery in the western territories. In January of 1854, Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois introduced a bill dividing the land into two parts: Kansas and Nebraska, and leaving the question of slavery to be decided by settlers. Even though this outraged antislavery people, after five months of debating, the bill was passed. This did not defuse the slavery issue, but split Kansas between the North and South. This helped push the United States closer to the Civil War (Grolier, Kansas-Nebraska Act). Peculiar Institution was an "euphemistic term that southerners used as ...
72: Slavery - Life On The Plantations
... South (Foster). The richness of the South depended on the productivity of the plantations (Katz 3-5). With the invention of the cotton gin, expansion of the country occurred. This called for the spread of slavery (Foster). Slaves, owned by one in four families, were controlled from birth to death by their white owners. Black men, women, and children toiled in the fields and houses under horrible conditions (Katz 3-5 ... with children were less likely to attempt escape. Unfortunately, there usually was not a suitable mate choice among the slaves, so most remained single (Starobin 7). Rebel slaves would recruit Indians, poor whites, and anti-slavery persons to attack all white men, women, and children (Starobin 123-26). These uprisings occurred with at least one major revolt per generation (Starobin 98). Most rebellions were led by skilled artisans and industrial workers ... 70). Overwork pay was another favorable prize, but few slaveowners used this method (Starobin 7). A slave was considered lucky if he got to be a house servant. House servants were considered the "aristocrats of slavery" (qtd. in Ploski and Williams 1438). They were the best behaved and most submissive, occasionally even the mixed offspring of the master himself. The house servants were raised in belief that they were superior ...
73: Fredrick Douglass 5
Frederick Douglass the most successful abolitionist who changed America s views of slavery through his writings and actions. Frederick Douglass had many achievements throughout his life. His Life as a slave had a great impact on his writings. His great oratory skills left the largest impact on Civil ... time period literature. All in all he was the best black speaker and writer ever. Douglass was born a slave in 1817, in Maryland. He educated himself and became determined to escape the horror of slavery. He attempted to escape slavery once, but failed. He later made a successful escape in 1838. Frederick s life as a slave had the greatest impact on his writings. Through slavery, he was able to develop the necessary emotion ...
74: The Contenders
... War. He was elected as one of California's first two Senators. The infant Republican party was born from the ashes of the Whig party, which had suffered spontaneous combustion as a result of the slavery issue. The party's convention was a farce; only northern states and a few border slave states sent delegates. Sticking to their Whig roots, they nominated a war hero, albeit a minor one. William Drayton ... slot was Abraham Lincoln. Fillmore, having been the thirteenth president following the death of Zachary Taylor, found himself representing the American party after many northern delegates left the convention over a rift caused by the slavery issue. Their objection was that the party platform was not strong enough against the spread of slavery. The party's vice presidential nominee was a nephew of Andrew Jackson and the editor of the Washington Union. The party, also known as the Know-Nothings, was extremely antagonistic towards immigrants, Catholics and ...
75: Harriet Stowe
... held and sustained her. Harriet was born in Connecticut in 1811, the daughter of Lyman Beecher. He was a persuasive preacher, theologian, a founder of the American Bible Society who was active in the anti slavery movement, and the father of thirteen children. Her mother who died when Harriet was four years old, was a woman of prayer, asking the Lord to call her six sons into the ministry. All eventually ... and bookish, and idolized the poetry of Lord Byron. When her father became president of Lane Theological Seminary in Ohio, she moved with him and met Calvin Stowe -- a professor and clergyman who fervently opposed slavery. He was nine years her senior and the widower of a dear friend of hers, Eliza Tyler. Their subsequent marriage in 1836 was born of the common grief they shared. In later years, Mark Twain ... to their parents. She lived ten years after her husband died, but retired from the limelight, and died in 1896. Throughout America's history, some Christians - for example the Quakers and some radical sectarians - criticized slavery; many excused it. (Robert Dabney defended slavery in his biography of Stonewall Jackson.) By the late 1840s' the anti slavery movement had expanded, energized by newspaper editors, lecturers, authors and clergymen. For abolitionists nothing ...
76: Conditions of the Slaves As They Were Brought to America and Why Slavery Thrived in the South
Conditions of the Slaves As They Were Brought to America and Why Slavery Thrived in the South Discuss the conditions under which slaves were brought to America. Why does this institution thrive more in the south than in the other colonies? Slavery existed in all of the English colonies in America. For land owners, slaves were much more valuable than indentured servants. The master owned the slave for life, in the same way as a horse, and any children of the slaves would become slaves. The English colonists were not planning on establishing slavery, it happened gradually. Blacks were not the first slaves. Indian prisoners of war were enslaved. The Indians did not make good slaves because they knew the land which made it easy for them to ...
77: The Slave Trade
... began with the Europeans capturing different tribesman of Africa and sending them to America, (as depicted in some modern day motion pictures), in reality the slave trade had been carrying on many years before that. Slavery has been recorded all through human history. The Islamic civilizations in the fourteen hundreds had a large trade system in which they marched their slaves across the Sahara to areas in the east. Additionally, it ... was there money to be made, but there was now something that they did not have before: a source of cheap labor. From the fourteenth century until the seventeenth century, ports of call and established slavery structures were apparent throughout Africa and many parts of Europe. These were soon copied by the Dutch at the end of the seventeenth century, who had a massive trading organization called the Dutch West Indie ... the exclusive licensee to ship African slaves to Spanish controlled territories in America. Seeing the value in this the English started to colonize large areas throughout Africa. The point made earlier is clearly displayed here: slavery was a large source of money and represented an enormous part of the British economy. It was also at this point that people began to look at slaves as less than human, and more ...
78: Slave Ownership In The Southern United States
... to the Civil War journals of a major university, these lines are reprinted and repeated in an attempt to shape the perception of the public and to ease the insecurities of a nation embarrassed by slavery, an institution that supposedly marred its glorious history, or so says Otto H. Olsen. In an article that appears in the journal of Civil War History of 1972 entitled, "Historians and the Extent of Slave ... 347,525 were listed by the census of 1850 as owners." Nevins then adds family members of slave owning families and other workers involved and states that the final number of whites directly involved with slavery probably "did not exceed 2,000,000. If so, not one-third of the population of the South and border States had any direct interest in slavery as a form of property." Olsen uses two more studies to show that these numbers, or very slight variations, are widely accepted and concedes that they are probably correct, but he disagrees with the ...
79: The Beginning of the Civil War
The Beginning of the Civil War Part I: The Beginning The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820. It did not end the debate over slavery. Trouble started brewing when Texas wanted to be a state. One problem: there was no free state to accompany Texas into the Union. As the Missouri Compromise states that a slave state and a free ... the Union. Congress also said that, with the consent of Texas legislature, it could be divided into five separate states. The Missouri Compromise line was then extended farther west and there was to be no slavery west of this line. Not too long after that, slavery came up again. This time, we were questioning whether to turn the territory we seized from the Mexican War into free or slave territory. President Polk suggested stretching the Missouri Compromise line to the ...
80: The Effect of Uncle Tom's Cabin
... in the formation and characterization of Uncle Tom's Cabin. She even goes as far as to credit God with authorship, only allowing herself to be viewed as God's instrument against the evils of slavery. Before the publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin, information regarding the evils of slavery and the treatment of slaves was readily available, but little of this information was read outside anti-slavery circles. The narratives of escaped slaves, as well as the work of other writers, documented stories relating real occurrences of plantation barbarity. Fredric Douglas of the North Star, and William Lloyd Garrison, publisher of ...

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