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Search results 151 - 160 of 1770 matching essays
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151: Kurt Vonnegut
... described by Richard Giannone as "comic masks covering the tragic farce that is our contemporary life" (Draper, 3784). Vonnegut's life has had a number of significant influences on his works. Influences from his personal philosophy, his life and experiences, and his family are evident elements in his works. Among his "comic masks" are three novels: Cat's Cradle, The Sirens of Titan, and God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater. Throughout these ... viewed with more understanding when related to certain aspects of his life. These correlations are best examined in terms of each influence. One of the most significant influences from Vonnegut's life on his personal philosophy has been his participation in World War II. During the war, Vonnegut served in the American army in Europe and was captured by German soldiers. As a prisoner of war, he witnessed the Allied bombing ... of the city of Dresden, in which more than 135,000 people died due to the resulting fires (Draper, 3785). This experience had a profound impact on Vonnegut. From it, he developed his existential personal philosophy and his ideas about the evils of technology. He states, "I am the enemy of all technological progress that threatens mankind" (Nuwer, 39). The influence of Dresden shows up in each of the novels. ...
152: Cinematography: Everything You Need To Know
... by many publications and exhibitions that have circulated internationally. A major Bauhaus Archive, founded at Darmstadt in 1961, was moved in the 1970s to Berlin. Another Bauhaus Archive is kept at Harvard University. The design philosophy of the Bauhaus continues pervasive to the present day. RON WIEDENHOEFT Bibliography: Franciscono, Marcel, Walter Gropius and the Creation of the Bauhaus in Weimar (1971); Wingler, Hans, The Bauhaus (1969). Eastman, George -------------------------------- George Eastman, b ... power of the imagination to revitalize poetry and art, and to compensate for the sociopolitical and religious forces that they found so oppressive and stultifying in contemporary society. J. H. MATTHEWS Bibliography: Alquie, Ferdinand, The Philosophy of Surrealism (1965); Breton, Andre, What Is Surrealism? (1978); Gascoyne, David, A Short Survey of Surrealism (1935); Matthews, J. H., An Introduction to Surrealism (1965); Nadeau, Maurice, The History of Surrealism (1965); Read, Herbert, ed ... of his films made in the United States, such as The Southerner (1945) and The Diary of a Chambermaid (1946), lack the excitement of his prewar work. He found a new approach and a new philosophy in India, where he made his first color film, The River (1950), before returning to Europe to make the colorful and relaxed films of his maturity: The Golden Coach (1952), French Can Can (1954), ...
153: Positivism
Positivism is a system of philosophy based on experience and experimental knowledge of natural sensation, in which metaphysics and theology are regarded as inadequate and imperfect systems of knowledge. (www.eb.com) The 19th-century French mathematician and philosopher Auguste Comte ... the doctrine. He was, in the main, interested in a reorganization of social life for the good of humanity through scientific knowledge, and thus controls of natural forces. The two primary components of positivism, the philosophy and the polity (or program of individual and social conduct), were later combined by Comte into a whole under the conception of a religion, in which humanity was the object of worship. A number of Comte's disciples refused, however, to accept this religious development of his philosophy, because it seemed to contradict the original positivist philosophy. Many of Comte's doctrines were later adapted and developed by the British social philosophers John Stuart Mill and Herbert Spencer and by the Austrian ...
154: Humanism
... is any outlook or way of life centered on human need and interest. Sub categories of this type include the two following. Christian Humanism is defined by Webster's Third New International Dictionary as “a philosophy advocating the self fulfillment of man within the framework of Christian principles.” This more human oriented faith is largely a product of the Renaissance and is a part of what made up Renaissance humanism. Modern Humanism, also called Naturalistic Humanism, Scien- tific Humanism, Ethical Humanism and Democratic Humanism is defined by one of its leading proponents, Corollas Lamont, as “a naturalistic philosophy that rejects all supernaturalism and relies primarily upon reason and science, democracy and human compassion.” Modern Humanism has a dual origin, both secular and religious, and these constitute its sub categories. Secular Humanism is an ... 18th century enlightenment rationalism and 19th century freethought. Many secular groups, such as the Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism and the American Rationalist Federation, and many otherwise unaffiliated academic philosophers and scientists advocate this philosophy. Religious Humanism emerged out of Ethical Culture, Unitarianism, and Universalism. Today, many Unitarian- Universalist congregations and all Ethical Culture societies describe themselves as humanist in the modern sense. The most critical irony in dealing ...
155: Transcendentalism
Transcendentalism was a movement in philosophy, literature, and religion that emerged and was popular in the nineteenth century New England because of a need to redefine man and his place in the world in response to a new and changing society ... its perceptions and makes experience intelligible are transcendental. German idealists, such as Fichte, Schelling, Husseri were influenced by Kant who in turn inspired New England transcendental philosophers. Emerson, the unofficial leader of the transcendentalism whose philosophy served as a paradigm for the movement's members, was also influenced by oriental mysticism. He developed a theory of correspondence, which stated that an individual, (the microcosm or Indian atman), and the Oversoul, (macrocosm ... Know thyself," or self-knowledge. Just like a person can know the world by exploring himself, he can understand his own being by paying close attention to the world around him. Emerson said, "All which philosophy distinguishes as Not Me … is nature." From this concept transcendentalists developed a semi-religious attitude towards nature. Transcendentalists urged people to look to nature to learn about oneself. Nature is a mystery and ...
156: The World View Of Bertrand Russell
... something I can willingly share with others. I know we all will have different ideas of what is God and how we approach serenity. I also can state that I have learned from Russell's philosophy that taking a scientific approach to any situation can better my understanding and broaden my view. Russell states that "The pursuit of philosophy is founded on the belief that knowledge is good, even if what is known is painful (6)." I was left with questions after discussing and reading about Russell's world view. He leaves me questioning ... believe that he does this due to how we can only prove certain things. I feel I must question everything and from this I will be able to gain knowledge. Erica L. Tabor Intro to Philosophy 9-12-99 The World View of Bertrand Russell In today's world, it is difficult to know just what is correct among the ideas of the universe, what we are and how we ...
157: Pygmalion 2
... presents this theory to Eliza, in hope of justifying his treatment of her. This theory would be fine IF Higgins himself lived by it. Henry Higgins, however, lives by a variety of variations of this philosophy. It is easily seen how Higgins follows this theory. He is consistently rude towards Eliza, Mrs. Pearce, and his mother. His manner is the same to each of them, in accordance to his philosophy. However the Higgins we see at the parties and in good times with Pickering is well mannered. This apparent discrepancy between Higgins' actions and his word, may not exist, depending on the interpretation of this theory. There are two possible translations of Higgins' philosophy. It can be viewed as treating everyone the same all of the time or treating everyone equally at a particular time.It is obvious that Higgins does not treat everyone equally all of the ...
158: In Despair About Nothing
In Despair about Nothing Man is often plagued by the question of his own existence. Existentialism is a subjective philosophy that is centered upon the examination of man’s existence, emphasizing the liberation, responsibility, and usually the solitude of the individual. It focuses on individuals finding a reason for living within themselves. The philosophy forces man to make choices for himself, on the premise that nothing is preordained, there is no fate. Men must find a truth in themselves, a truth that they must be able to live for. Existentialism is in harsh contrast to a belief in a higher power or a god. “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place” is a story by Ernest Hemingway about men in successive stages in the philosophy of existentialism, revealing ultimately how the philosophy will fail them. Nothingness is a condition man is faced with when his life has no meaning, when there is no reason to exist. It is the ...
159: Never Cry Wolf by Farley Mowat
... that I will examine is how nature is regarded by the various religious and political philosophies demonstrated in the novel. The two different philosophies which are demonstrated are one which are diametrically opposed. The first philosophy is that of mainstream western culture. This philosophy views nature as something to be feared and ultimately conquered. Throughout the book there are examples where people with this viewpoint attempt to dominate nature or at least attempt to impose human moral judgment upon ... the human predators who blatantly overhunt the caribou herds. For instance, Mowat finds that conservatively, trappers kill a combined 112 000 deer every year but still blame the wolf for the caribous' decimation. The other philosophy demonstrated in Never Cry Wolf is that of the native Americans of northern Canada. Their philosophy, as presented by Mowat is one which views humans as only being a fraction of the total importance ...
160: Karl Marx
... not be supported unless Marx obtained a job. After graduating from a High School in Trier, Marx entered the university, first at Bonn and later in Berlin. There he read law, majoring in history and philosophy. He concluded his university course in 1841, by submitting a doctoral thesis. Karl's family was not wealthy, yet they were considered rather comfortable. While attending the University of Bonin, After graduating from university; Marx ... academic career, but his dad made him transfer to the University of Berlin. The transfer was do to Marx earlier possession of alcohol and imprisonment for drunkenness. At Berlin Marx interests changed from law to philosophy. "Degeneration in a learned dressing gown with uncombed hair had replaced degeneration with a beer glass." (1 p2) Marx father obviously disapproved greatly. Marx attached to the philosophy of G.W.F Hegel. He referred to the Phenomenology of mind as the true birthplace and secret to his philosophy. Marx developed many insights throughout his work. Two very important insights include: economy ...

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