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Search results 11 - 20 of 4688 matching essays
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11: Report On The Costs And Benefi
... taken the opportunity to raise money in the wholesale markets, which have frequently proved to be the cheapest source of wholesale funds (Wholesale funds are large deposits placed by companies and financial institutions, bearing an interest rate in line with the market rate rather than base rates). They have used these funds to even out any shortfall in the inflow of retail funds to meet the mortgage demand. Banks have no ceiling on raising wholesale funds, which are usually cheaper than retail funds. Building Societies may also find themselves at a disadvantage in access to wholesale funds at competitive rates. As only 50% of funds can be raised from the wholesale market only the very largest societies can maintain the necessary standing in the international capital markets which allows wholesale funds to be tapped ...
12: Ireland 2
... car sales figures for Q199 indicate that 1999 will be another year of exceptionally strong growth in personal spending. Third, the property market shows no sign of cooling off. Finally, the cut in official interest rates to 2.5% by the ECB on 8 April should have a stimulatory effect. The main details of their forecasts are outlined in the table opposite. The annual rate of headline inflation was at 1.4% in March. Prices rose by 0.3% between February and March. Excluding the impact of changes in mortgage interest rates, the CPI rose by 2.4% year-on-year in March. The Irish EU harmonized rate of 2.0% compares with an average annual rate of 0.8% for the eurozone as a ...
13: Britain and Joining The Economic and Monetary Union
... to the efficiency gains, simply because the costs would be one-off. However, the cost for major EU banks has been estimated to ECU 10 billion, translating to 7.17 billion at February 1998 exchange rates, for a "big bang" conversion. For the UK banks alone, this will amount to ECU 1 billion (717 million). If a dual currency system needs to be installed, which is very likely, this figure may ... loss of British sovereignty, i.e. the power of independent decision making seems to inspire the strongest opposition to a single currency. With a single currency, the UK (and other nations) would lose control over interest rates, monetary supplies and management of an own currency alongside monetary measures in general. These are instead to be decided upon from the centre, the European Central Bank (ECB), which some argue has been based ...
14: Current State of the U.S. Economy
... INTRODUCTION Overall most economists feel the economy is doing quite well right now. There are many facets to the U.S. economy that go into the ups and downs of our complex economy. For instance, interest rates, inflation, unemployment, growth, trade, surplus, and many others are direct indicators of the status of the U.S. Economy. Late in February Federal Reserve Board chairman Alan Greenspan expressed in his semiannual report on the ... the United States is less assured of late because of storm clouds massing over the Western Pacific and headed our way. INFLATION Inflation affects everyone and most people are very elated about the recent inflation rates. Labor markets are tight therefor inflation is a threat but because of the biggest drop in energy prices in seven years inflation was practically eliminated. Last year inflation was set at 1.7 percent ...
15: Economic 2
... monetary and fiscal controls imposed by the Federal Reserve and government, respectively. The economy has enjoyed modest growth for several years, and that can be expected to continue. The Federal Reserve is likely to raise interest rates in late 1999 or early 2000 in order to keep the rate of inflation down; this research considers the reasons that this is likely. Analysis The Federal Reserve sets interest rates by mandating the rates at which Federal Reserve banks loan funds to other institutions. These rates then affect the rates of those institutions as they seek to maintain their profit. Thus an increase ...
16: Brazil 2
... in Congress; acute stress in the relationship between the federal government and the states; the risk of defaults on state and federal government debt as well as in the private sector; and astronomic and unsustainable interest rates. For Brazil's partners in Mercosurthe common market that joins Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Brazil-its plunge into recession and the quantum leap in the price of their own exports in the Brazilian market (especially ... anonymous U.S. Treasury official noted with some relief at the time. But the crisis was postponed, not eliminated. In order to restrain capital flight after the Russian debacle in August 1998, Brazil had raised interest rates to 40 percent a year. With deficits continuing, this served to balloon obligations at all levels, public and private. Legislation was already on the books to oblige the state governors and mayors to ...
17: Chaos in The Currency Markets : Currency Crisis of The EMS
Chaos in The Currency Markets : Currency Crisis of The EMS 1. What does the crisis of September 1992 tell you about the relative abilities of currency markets and national governments to influence exchange rates? The currency markets and national governments both have abilities to influence exchange rates. Like other financial markets, foreign exchange markets react to any news that may have a future effect. Speculators are the part of the currency markets that take currency positions based on anticipated interest rate movements in various countries. Day-to-day speculation on future exchange rate movements is commonly driven by signals of future interest rate movements. By using the signal, speculators usually take the position before ...
18: Profiles In American Enterpris
... will give an in depth explanation about how A.G. Edwards functions as a corporation. Along with competition from the government, banks and other brokerage firms there is also probably the biggest factor involved of interest rates. Interest rates are indirectly proportional to the activity in the stock market. This means that when the interest rates fall the market for securities becomes active. This is due to the fact that people want ...
19: Profiles In American Enterpris
... will give an in depth explanation about how A.G. Edwards functions as a corporation. Along with competition from the government, banks and other brokerage firms there is also probably the biggest factor involved of interest rates. Interest rates are indirectly proportional to the activity in the stock market. This means that when the interest rates fall the market for securities becomes active. This is due to the fact that people want ...
20: The American Tax System And Th
... through punitive taxes on saving, work and entrepreneurship. It places multiple layers of tax on saving, thus reducing investments in new machines and technology that make American workers more efficient and competitive. High marginal tax rates (the tax rate on the last dollar earned) discourage work, saving and entrepreneurial activity, which leads to a smaller economy. By favoring certain economic activities over others, the tax code distorts financial decisions and reduces ... raises through the current system costs the economy $1.39. The tax code does more than complicate people's lives during tax season and reduce living standards. It pollutes Washington's political culture. As special-interest provisions have been added to the tax code, Washington's lobbying industry has flourished. Washington's lobbying industry, which is the largest private employer in the nation's capital, generates $8.4 billion in revenue ... equally, it will promote greater economic efficiency and increased prosperity. When saving is no longer taxed twice, people will save and invest more, leading to higher productivity and greater take-home pay. When marginal tax rates are lower, people will work more, start more businesses and devote fewer resources to tax avoidance and evasion. And because tax rules will be uniform, people will base their financial decisions on common-sense ...


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