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Search results 131 - 140 of 1027 matching essays
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131: Unemployment
... improve their salary. And frictional unemployment is the delay in movement between jobs. It also applies to young people trying to find their first time job, language disabilities and lack of skills, including literacy. Frictional employment of this kind increases every year. The effects of this kind of unemployment is that there are more and more young job seekers out there, while the average level of formal education and job expectations ... encounter snow in most part of the country, therefore it has a great effect on the well-being of the economy. To reduce this, many municipalities undertake winter-works projects and industries that provide winter employment have sometimes been given government financial assistance. Another cause of employment is that consumer demands different or better things as time goes by. Therefore, some industries grow while other decline or even disappear. There are many negative effects upon this kind of structural unemployment. It ...
132: Working Mothers
... will the mother have sufficient time to bond with the baby, how will household chores be divided, and so on. When thinking of working women, two models come to mind. One of which is paid employment that has a protective and beneficial mediating effect. Employment protects women against certain negative aspects of being full-time homemakers and mothers, such as monotonous housework, dependence on the male partner for financial and emotional support, increases self-esteem because they are contributing to ... not suffer. Bibliography Brannen, Julia, Moss, Peter. Managing Mothers: Dual Earner Households After Maternity Leave. London: Unwin Hyman, 1991. Mahony, Rhona. Kidding Ourselves: Breadwinning, Babies, and Bargaining Power. New York: BasicBooks, 1995. Thomson, Elizabeth Jean. Employment and childbearing Decisions of Mothers of Young Children. Seattle, University of Washington, 1979.
133: Role of Government in Mixed Economies Such As Australia
... invest in functions that the government once provided (CES facilities). Monetary policy is the raising or lowering of interest rates to dampen or stimulate the economy. It is concerned with internal balance (ie. economic activity, employment and price stability). Unlike fiscal policy, monetary policies influence the economy indirectly through changes in financial conditions. This follows the belief that the level of financial activity plays a major role in determining the level ... to boost the level of economic activity. By easing interest rates the private sector will be more inclined to borrow money for investment. Small businesses will expand and this should lead to an increase in employment opportunities and a decreasing unemployment rate. A fall in interest rates will also increase the level of spending in the economy. This is due to the increase in the availability of credit. A boost in ... skilled future workforce, and productivity improvements in the waterfront and shipping industry. There is a down side to MER. Job loss has risen as reforms are implemented; displaced workers usually lack the skills required for employment in other industries. This leads to a growth in the rate of structurally unemployed. Reforms will also increase inequalities in income distribution; workers relying on safety net wage rises will be disadvantaged to those ...
134: Black And Yellow Perils In Col
... the same rights and privileges as the colonists. REACTION TO INCREASING FEMINISM WITHIN EUROPE: Middle class women seen as responsible for the 'ploiferation and strengthening of the breed' were pursuing new opportunities in education and employment, and thus were 'shirking their imperial motherly duties'. With this in mind, 'new' women were often compared unfavourably with black women, (who despite being oppressed by their societies, still fulfilled their maternal and wifely obligations) in an attempt to chastise feminist tendencies within Britain. The issue of motherhood greatly limited female employment opportunities, especially in the colonies, and manifested itself in the form of anti-employment legislation and intentionally inadequate training for women. THE 'YELLOW PERIL': In the early years of European Imperial involvement within Africa, the idea of a male white settler having sexual relations with a native woman ( ...
135: Drug Testing
... slide in quality, Precision purchased a new machine from the Suzuki corporation. But even with the new machine, Precision’s costs are higher and quality is lower. This causes profits to be lost which causes employment to be affected. Precision’s employment is down twenty-two percent, and with little or no chance of quality improving, these numbers are in danger of dropping even more. Foreign Competition Precision also has to deal with an increase in foreign ... s machines are aging; sixty percent of the machines are old, some twenty years or more. Their sales are down thirty percent; orders are rejected because of a lack of quality and high production costs. Employment at Precision has also been hit hard, down twenty-two percent. Precision is not able to compete with foreign imports in price, nor in quality. This, of course, is because they have remained victims ...
136: Feminism And Gender Equality In The 1990's
... for Congress to pass a law." Extremism on the right was no vice, moderation no virtue. Or, as Hitler explained in Mein Kamph, "The very first essential for success is a perpetually constant and regular employment of violence." (See Endnote #4) This mentality continued on through 1989 during the Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (109 S. Ct. 3040 (1989)) case. "The Reagan Administration had urged the Supreme Court to use this ... at the Santa Clara County Transportation Agency. These numbers are not uncommon and are found throughout business. It is interesting to note the current popular perception is that affirmative action precludes white males from finding employment with companies that implement these plans. The truth is in the numbers, however. The fact that Mr. Johnson felt he was denied his civil rights because an equally qualified woman was given a promotion, instead ... stating, "the worse pain came from those little things people said or did to me." As these "little things" accumulate in the experience of a young woman, she increasingly finds herself powerless in her relationships, employment, economics, and society in general. The female child has as many goals as the male child, but statistically she is unable to realize these goals because of the obstacles that society sets in front ...
137: Minimum Wage
... 39.9 million people, 22.1 % were classified as poor (Ayres, online). During the 1970’s and 1980’s, there was evidence that forged a strong tie between changes in the minimum wage and youth employment and unemployment. But according to data that was collected, consequences of raising the minimum wage are certain, at best. By the 1980’s the minimum wage went up to $3.10 an hour and by ... is the chief economist with the wage division of the U.S. Department of Labor disputes the notion that a modest increase in the minimum wage has a significant impact on either business profits or employment (Alpert, online). Because of the overall strength of our economy, which continued after the minimum wage was increased in 1997, is evidence of that. There was a survey done of businesses about the minimum wage ... way to make-work really pay off. The higher the minimum wage, has not prevented jobs from growing, but most labor economist increasingly recognize that minimum wage laws have much less of an impact on employment than was thought to be a decade ago. “You always have these folks crying poverty, but it’s a little hard to understand how you can have hotel operators in New Orleans, getting record ...
138: Actions of the Government and The Increase in Prices
Actions of the Government and The Increase in Prices The United States economy is currently producing at a level of full employment in long-run equilibrium. The government then decides to increase taxes and to reduce government spending in an effort to balance the budget. The results of the actions taken by the government is the decrease ... supplied and a period of short- run equilibrium is established. The real GDP and the price level have both decreased from the original long-run equilibrium level and the economy is operating under the full employment level. At this point the U.S. economy is at a recessionary gap and a monetary policy must be used to pull the economy from the current recession. There are three options that the Federal ... the level of aggregate quantity demanded continues to fall until aggregate quantity demanded and aggregate quantity supplied are equal. This causes the U.S. economy to enter a state of long-run equilibrium at full employment. This new level of equilibrium should be very similar to the original long-run equilibrium. The total real GDP has not been affected. Government spending and consumption have both decreased. Investment spending has risen ...
139: Immigration Reform
... country struggling to support the huge intake of new comers, life in America has been suffering tremendously. The excessive stress put upon the welfare system, overuse of the family reunification laws, and the exploitation of employment based immigration in the computer industry are reasons for immigration reform. The United States welfare system has difficulties supporting the huge numbers of immigrants coming into the country each year. A majority of the immigrants ... large opposition as well. The opposition argues that immigrants create job and do not take jobs from U.S. citizens. Several studies demonstrate that there is a positive relationship between states who admit immigrants and employment. One study found between 1970-1980 Mexican immigration to Los Angeles County was responsible for 78,000 new jobs. They claim that the U.S. work force, especially the computer industry, will suffer from the withdrawl of highly skilled workers. The current unemployment rates are blamed on the relocation of multinational companies overseas to countries like Ireland and India. Many big computer companies claim that employment based immigration is vital for the survival of our economy. They feed upon the myth that the U.S. computer industry depends on immigrants for its technological edge. In reality, a majority of advances ...
140: Civil Rights
... Supreme Court orders the admission of a black applicant to the University of Missouri Law School 1941: A. Philip Randoph threatens a massive march on Washington unless the Roosevelt administration takes measures to ensure black employment in defense industries; Roosevelt agrees to establish Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC). 1942: The congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is organized in Chicago. 1943: Race riots in Detroit and Harlem cause black leaders to ask their followers to be less demanding in asserting their ... the presidency. 1964: President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits discrimination in most public accommodations, authorizes the federal government to withhold funds from programs practicing discrimination, and creates the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. 1964: Martin Luther King Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. 1965: Malcolm X is assassinated while addressing a rally of his followers in New York City; three black men are ultimately ...

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