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111: Mining In Canada
... of pollution produced. The Canadian government and the mining companies have very good plans and controls toward this problem, while ensuring the smooth running of the industries, and also helping to create strong economy and employment. The world of today could not exist without mineral products. Canada produces about 60 minerals and ranks first among producing countries1. As well, Canada is the largest exporter of minerals, with more than 20 per cent of production shipped to world markets2. In a typical year, the mining industry is responsible for almost 20 per cent of Canada's total export earnings3 (See Appendix A). As for the employment rate, over 70 per cent of the mines are owned by Canadians and approximately 108,000 Canadians are directly employed in the mining industry4. Mining is very important in Canadian life. Not only do the ... companies and the government are investing money, trying very hard to continue taking care of our environment, and their efforts are certainly helping to keep the environment clean and heathy. Our economy, values of exports, employment rate, and to our everyday needs in society - we are always direct or indirectly dependent on the mining industry. But as we discover, the mining industry does contribute pollution to the environment. Nevertheless government ...
112: Preventing Chronic Delinquency: The Search for Childhood Risk Factors
... also the article by Barnett in this journal issue). Monetary values were estimated for the program costs, as well as for benefits in areas such as elementary and secondary education, adult secondary education, postsecondary education, employment-related compensation, public welfare assistance, and delinquency and crime. Results indicated that the program, which cost about $12,356 per family, yielded benefits totaling $108,002 per family. The net present value of the program ... effects were carried out in the early to late 1970s; numerous demographic, social, and economic changes have occurred since then which might affect the outcomes of early intervention. For instance, increases in the rate of employment among women, including low-income women, have resulted in greater need for full-time, quality child care, rather than the half-day services provided in most of these programs. Frequent home visiting may now be ... Houston). Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. Serial No. 198 (1982) 47,6. 55. Brooks-Gunn, J., McCormick, M.C., Shapiro, S., et al. The effects of early education intervention on maternal employment, public assistance, and health insurance: The Infant Health and Development Program. The American Journal of Public Health (1994) 84:924-31. 56. Garber. H.L. The Milwaukee Project: Preventing mental retardation in children at ...
113: Us Presidents 30-42
... initial working capital of $500 million. It tried to provide indirect relief to the unemployed by lending insurance companies, banks, farm organizations, railroads, and state, county, and city governments money to stimulate economic activity and employment. His opponents criticized him for this "trickle down" theory, based on the idea that if the government aided big business at the top of the nation's financial structure, business would then create more jobs ... to primary and secondary schools increased substantially. Responding to Johnson's call for an "unconditional war on poverty," the Congress enacted legislation liberalizing unemployment compensation, expanding the food stamp program, and enlarging opportunities for youth employment. No session of Congress since 1935 had matched this one in attacks upon social and economic problems. 37. President - Richard Milhous Nixon Term - January 20, 1969 to August 9, 1974 As the United States shifted ... Congress, however, was able to override only a few of Ford's vetoes. By mid-1976 recessionary pressures had eased. Industrial production advanced steadily, making up almost two thirds of the 1973-1975 drop. Nonfarm employment increased by 2.5 million persons, the workweek was lengthened, and the unemployment rate dropped from 8.9% in mid-1975 to 7.8% in late 1976. Unemployment, however, remained high by historical standards. ...
114: Civil Rights Movement 3
... groups often have not had an equal chance for economic, political, or social advancement. Members of some minorities have been denied the right to vote. Many persons have been discriminated against in housing, education, and employment, and have been denied equal access to restaurants, hotels, and other public accommodations and facilities. A main goal has been to end such discrimination and guarantee equal rights and opportunities for all people. Black Americans ... in state and local elections. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was one of the strongest civil rights bills in U.S. history. It also barred discrimination by employers and unions, and established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to enforce fair employment practices. Also in 1968, the Supreme Court ruled that the federal government had the power to enforce housing-discrimination laws even in cases involving only private individuals. Civil rights have long been protected in ...
115: Working Mothers
... will the mother have sufficient time to bond with the baby, how will household chores be divided, and so on. When thinking of working women, two models come to mind. One of which is paid employment that has a protective and beneficial mediating effect. Employment protects women against certain negative aspects of being full-time homemakers and mothers, such as monotonous housework, dependence on the male partner for financial and emotional support, increases self-esteem because they are contributing to ... not suffer. Bibliography Brannen, Julia, Moss, Peter. Managing Mothers: Dual Earner Households After Maternity Leave. London: Unwin Hyman, 1991. Mahony, Rhona. Kidding Ourselves: Breadwinning, Babies, and Bargaining Power. New York: BasicBooks, 1995. Thomson, Elizabeth Jean. Employment and childbearing Decisions of Mothers of Young Children. Seattle, University of Washington, 1979.
116: Government Regulation
... the common problems dealing with government regulation. I will also focus on three major aspects of government regulation which include: 1) regulation interferes with production by halting innovation and discouraging risk taking, resulting in declining employment, 2) government over regulates by setting standards for every aspect of manufacture when it could allow businesses to set overall objectives for their business, 3) regulation cost too much in business compliance, which is passed ... the U.S. due to the fewer restrictions on new drugs unlike the U.S. which have conservative policies towards new drugs. Regulation interferes with production and halts innovation and risk taking resulting in declining employment. This is to say, because of regulation costs, the businesses do not have enough money to invest in taking risks with new ideas and technology. This does not allow the company to expand and hire ... safety, health, and productivity will be better achieved in the absence of government regulation. With less regulation businesses will offer more and better technology, improved drugs to care for the sick, and allow a greater employment rate. In government regulation the costs do not out weigh the benefits and unfortionatly do more harm than good.
117: The Women's Rights Movement (1848-1998)
... became a best seller and inspired thousands of women to look for fulfillment beyond the role of a homemaker. Title VII Then in 1964, Title VII (seven) of the Civil Rights Act was passed, prohibiting employment discrimination on the basis of sex as well as race, religion, and national origin. The category “sex” was included as a last- ditch effort to kill the bill, but it passed. With the passing of Title VII, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was established to investigate discrimination complaints. Within the commissions first five years, it received 50,000 sex discrimination complaints, but it was quickly obvious that the commission was not interested in pursuing these ... earned by men. Help wanted ads in newspapers were segregated into “Help wanted-women” and “Help wanted-men,” and pages upon pages of jobs were announced for which women could not even apply. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) ruled this illegal in 1968, but since EEOC had little enforcement power, most newspapers ignored the requirement for years. The National Organization for Women (NOW), had to argue the issue all ...
118: Gender Inequality
Gender Inequality The issue of gender inequality is one which has been publicly reverberating through society for decades. The problem of inequality in employment being one of the most pressing issues today. In order to examine this situation one must try to get to the root of the problem and must understand the sociological factors that cause women to ... ibid, p.8) In the long run, the ideas put in students heads through textbooks, perhaps through the lack of female role models, can affect the choices they make in the future with regards to employment. Actual teaching situations are also prone to sexism. For the most part teachers do not try to be sexist but, for sociological reasons, can not help it. For the sake of this paper, it will ... sex roles, the fact that "masculine" behaviour is reinforced while "feminine" behaviour is condemned, and the fact that women are encouraged to choose certain career paths all validate the claim that the gender inequality in employment situations can be directly related to the way that children are educated.
119: Child Labour
... Canadian perspective, is one that is quite limited. Much of this has to do with the fact that a significant amount of powerful legislation and enforcement of this legislation is available. For example, the Ontario Employment Standards Act states that individuals under the age of 18 must be paid a minimum of $6.40 per hour1. Furthermore, through the Ontario Occupational Health and Safety Act, regulations have been created which allow ... at home, 23 percent kept occasional family contact, and 8 percent were entirely separated"3. While the number of child workers is significant, it is equally apparent that the reasons why they are involved in employment can attributed to a number of specific causal factors. "It is almost universally accepted that poverty is the main cause of child work in developing countries"4 . However, while poverty is an important causal factor ... way as well. This refers to the fact that "...some have claimed that the best way to deal with child labour is to stimulate rapid and broad-reaching economic expansion that will create ample adult employment, rendering child work superfluous"9. Attempts to implement change in this way involve instruments such as economic policies and regulations, especially wage and price policies. But the examination of the issue of child labour ...
120: The Japanese Economy
... 4%-6% from 1984 until the economic bubble burst in 1993. The Yen was regarded as one of the world’s leading currencies. Interest rates ranged from 4.5% to 6%. Japan operated at full employment. Household consumption increased by 2%. Foreign capital investments rose at unparalleled rates. However, since the early 1990's, Japan's economy has been on a downward spiral. Real GDP growth declined to 0.3% in ... supply, credit availability and interest rates. In theory and practice, the government directs monetary policy to induce changes in the money supply to achieve price stability, smooth out business cycles, and bring the economy’s employment and production to desired levels. By contrast, fiscal policy addresses the overall program for directing government spending and taxation and for maintaining GDP close to full employment without causing inflation. The Japanese Ministry of Finance directs overall formulation of broad monetary policy. The Bank of Japan, the nation’s central monetary authority, serves as the principal agent for conducting the nation’ ...

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